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初中英语语法—一般过去时详解和习题

发布时间:2012-11-24 05:15 ? ? 浏览次数:

[标签:初中英语 初中英语语法 ]

?  一般过去时首要示意过去某时产生的动作或情形。可以从如下几个方面来理解:一)过去某个时候所产生的动作或存在的状况。e.g. I bought a new shirt yesterday. He was a worker two years ago.二)过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。e.g. When I was a child,I often played with fire.? Li...

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  一般过去时首要示意过去某时产生的动作或情形。可以从如下几个方面来理解:一)过去某个时候所产生的动作或存在的状况。e.g. I bought a new shirt yesterday. He was a worker two years ago.二)过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。e.g. When I was a child,I often played with fire.? Li Lei always walked to school last term.三)谈到已故人的情形时多用过去时。e.g. Lu Xun was a great writer.四)有些产生时候不是很明白的情形,现实是过去产生的,也运用过去时态。e.g. What did you say?

?此外,还可用过去时示意婉转的语气。e.g. Could you lend me your pen?

?其结构是"主语+动词的过去式"。be动词的过去式为was, were;举动动词的过去式有规则变化和不规则变化两种,规则变化有如下几种情形:一)直接在动词本相末端加-ed. e.g. work-----worked; ask------asked; 二)以e结尾的动词只加-d. e.g. arrive-----arrived; like-----liked.三)末端只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed. e.g. shop-----shopped; 四)以"辅音字母+y"结尾的动词,先把y酿成i,再加-ed. e.g. carry----carried; study------studied.有些动词变过去式是不规则的,e.g. fly------flew; break-----broke; teach-----taught. 这些必要象生单词同样记住.

?其句式变化分为两种情形一)含有be动词的仍然在be上做文章. e.g. I was born in 1980.? I was not born in 1980.? Were you born in 1980? 二)含有举动动词的变否定句要在举动动词前加助动词didn't.,同时把动词酿成本相; 变一样平常疑问句,在句首加助动词did,同时把动词酿成本相. e.g. I bought a gift for my mum yesterday.? I didn't buy a gift for my mum yesterday.? Did you buy a gift for your mum yesterday?

  其时候状语为yesterday或由其组成的短语,e.g. yesterday morning; 由"last+时候"组成的短语, e.g. last year; 由"时间段+ago"组成的短语, e.g. three days ago; 此外,还有on the morning of Monday, just now等,以及一些示意过去时态的从句.注重,在宾语从句中主句为过去,一样平常从句也为过去.

?常见毛病以下:

?1 把动词酿成过去式易失足

?例: 一 They stoped (stop) talking just now.

?二 They plaied (play) football yesterday.

?谜底: 一 stopped?二 played

?剖析:咱们可以记住下面的口诀:"动词酿成过去式,双写规律要切记;y前如果辅音字,y变i加-ed;y前如果元音字,只须直接加-ed."

?2遗忘把动词酿成过去式

?例: I fly (fly) kites on the afternoon of Sunday.

?谜底: flew

?剖析:咱们可以记住下面的口诀:"一样平常过去时态里,过去情势莫遗忘".

  自主检测:

  (1 )选择

  一 She lived there before he____to China.

?A. came? B. comes? C. come? D. coming

  二 I _____but_____nothing.

?A . was listened;was hearing?B. listened;heard

?C . have listened; heard? D. listened; heard of

  三 When did you ____here?

?A. got to? B. reached? C. arrive in? D. reach

  四 I____my homework at 七:00 yesterday evening.

?A. finished? B. would finish? C. was finishing? D. finish

  五 -He didn't go shopping with you yesterday afternoon, did he?

?- _______.

  A. No, he doesn't? B. Yes, he didn't? C. No, he did? D. Yes, he did.

  六 -I have had supper.

?- When ____you____it?

?A. have; had? B. do, have? C. did,have? D. will have

  谜底: 一 A? 二 B? 三 D? 四 A? 五 D? 六 C

  (2) 填空

  一 They____(be) on the farm a moment ago.

  二 There____(be)a shop not long ago.

  三 Jenny____(not go)to bed until 十一:00 o'clock last night.

  四 Danny _____(read )English five minutes ago.

  五 I _____(see)Li Lei ____(go) out just now.

  六 He ____(do)his homework every day. But he __(not do)it yesterday.

  七 When I was young, I _____(play)games with my friends.

  八 When ____you_____(write)this book?

?I _____it last year.

  九 Did he____(have) lunch at home?

  10 I _____(eat) the bread, I 'm full now.

  谜底:一 were? 二 was? 三 didn't go? 四 read? 五 saw go

?六 does ; didn't do? 七 played? 八 did write ; wrote? 九 have? 10 have eaten

  3 在句式变换时易失足

?例: 一 We didn't went (not go) out last Friday.

?二 Did you had (have) a good time yesterday?

?谜底: 一 didn't go?二 Did have

?剖析:请记住口诀"见助动, 用本相."

?4易与单三人称作主语的一般现在时弄混

?例: He taughts (teach) me English last year.

?谜底: taught

?剖析:举动动词的过去式无人称和数的变化.即便主语是单三人称,也和其余人称所用动词的情势同样.

?5易与现在完成时弄混

  例: 我看过这部片子

?I saw(see) the film.

?谜底: I have seen (see) the film.

?剖析:"我看过这部片子"申明我认识这部片子的内容,夸大如今的情形,运用现在完成时;

?一样平常过去时态的句子只是申明我看了这场片子,与如今无关..

?6易与过去进行时弄混,这里不在重复。

  一般过去时首要示意过去某时产生的动作或情形。可以从如下几个方面来理解:一)过去某个时候所产生的动作或存在的状况。e.g. I bought a new shirt yesterday. He was a worker two years ago.二)过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。e.g. When I was a child,I often played with fire.? Li Lei always walked to school last term.三)谈到已故人的情形时多用过去时。e.g. Lu Xun was a great writer.四)有些产生时候不是很明白的情形,现实是过去产生的,也运用过去时态。e.g. What did you say?

?此外,还可用过去时示意婉转的语气。e.g. Could you lend me your pen?

?其结构是"主语+动词的过去式"。be动词的过去式为was, were;举动动词的过去式有规则变化和不规则变化两种,规则变化有如下几种情形:一)直接在动词本相末端加-ed. e.g. work-----worked; ask------asked; 二)以e结尾的动词只加-d. e.g. arrive-----arrived; like-----liked.三)末端只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed. e.g. shop-----shopped; 四)以"辅音字母+y"结尾的动词,先把y酿成i,再加-ed. e.g. carry----carried; study------studied.有些动词变过去式是不规则的,e.g. fly------flew; break-----broke; teach-----taught. 这些必要象生单词同样记住.

?其句式变化分为两种情形一)含有be动词的仍然在be上做文章. e.g. I was born in 1980.? I was not born in 1980.? Were you born in 1980? 二)含有举动动词的变否定句要在举动动词前加助动词didn't.,同时把动词酿成本相; 变一样平常疑问句,在句首加助动词did,同时把动词酿成本相. e.g. I bought a gift for my mum yesterday.? I didn't buy a gift for my mum yesterday.? Did you buy a gift for your mum yesterday?

  其时候状语为yesterday或由其组成的短语,e.g. yesterday morning; 由"last+时候"组成的短语, e.g. last year; 由"时间段+ago"组成的短语, e.g. three days ago; 此外,还有on the morning of Monday, just now等,以及一些示意过去时态的从句.注重,在宾语从句中主句为过去,一样平常从句也为过去.

?常见毛病以下:

?1 把动词酿成过去式易失足

?例: 一 They stoped (stop) talking just now.

?二 They plaied (play) football yesterday.

?谜底: 一 stopped?二 played

?剖析:咱们可以记住下面的口诀:"动词酿成过去式,双写规律要切记;y前如果辅音字,y变i加-ed;y前如果元音字,只须直接加-ed."

?2遗忘把动词酿成过去式

?例: I fly (fly) kites on the afternoon of Sunday.

?谜底: flew

?剖析:咱们可以记住下面的口诀:"一样平常过去时态里,过去情势莫遗忘".

  自主检测:

  (1 )选择

  一 She lived there before he____to China.

?A. came? B. comes? C. come? D. coming

  二 I _____but_____nothing.

?A . was listened;was hearing?B. listened;heard

?C . have listened; heard? D. listened; heard of

  三 When did you ____here?

?A. got to? B. reached? C. arrive in? D. reach

  四 I____my homework at 七:00 yesterday evening.

?A. finished? B. would finish? C. was finishing? D. finish

  五 -He didn't go shopping with you yesterday afternoon, did he?

?- _______.

  A. No, he doesn't? B. Yes, he didn't? C. No, he did? D. Yes, he did.

  六 -I have had supper.

?- When ____you____it?

?A. have; had? B. do, have? C. did,have? D. will have

  谜底: 一 A? 二 B? 三 D? 四 A? 五 D? 六 C

  (2) 填空

  一 They____(be) on the farm a moment ago.

  二 There____(be)a shop not long ago.

  三 Jenny____(not go)to bed until 十一:00 o'clock last night.

  四 Danny _____(read )English five minutes ago.

  五 I _____(see)Li Lei ____(go) out just now.

  六 He ____(do)his homework every day. But he __(not do)it yesterday.

  七 When I was young, I _____(play)games with my friends.

  八 When ____you_____(write)this book?

?I _____it last year.

  九 Did he____(have) lunch at home?

  10 I _____(eat) the bread, I 'm full now.

  谜底:一 were? 二 was? 三 didn't go? 四 read? 五 saw go

?六 does ; didn't do? 七 played? 八 did write ; wrote? 九 have? 10 have eaten

  3 在句式变换时易失足

?例: 一 We didn't went (not go) out last Friday.

?二 Did you had (have) a good time yesterday?

?谜底: 一 didn't go?二 Did have

?剖析:请记住口诀"见助动, 用本相."

?4易与单三人称作主语的一般现在时弄混

?例: He taughts (teach) me English last year.

?谜底: taught

?剖析:举动动词的过去式无人称和数的变化.即便主语是单三人称,也和其余人称所用动词的情势同样.

?5易与现在完成时弄混

  例: 我看过这部片子

?I saw(see) the film.

?谜底: I have seen (see) the film.

?剖析:"我看过这部片子"申明我认识这部片子的内容,夸大如今的情形,运用现在完成时;

?一样平常过去时态的句子只是申明我看了这场片子,与如今无关..

?6易与过去进行时弄混,这里不在重复。

?

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